Brought Dana for her 2nd dose of Pneumococcal Vaccine yesterday and she’s running mild fever today. PD says the next dose would be after she turns 1 and recommended to take with Chicken Pox and MMR vaccine. With so many vaccines available, it’s becoming hard to keep track. Here’s a list for all parents:
Optional but Recommended Vaccines
There are two types of pneumococcal vaccines available, Pneumovax and Prevenar. They protect against invasive diseases like meningitis, pneumonia, sepsis and otitis media.Prevenar can be administered to infants as young as six weeks old.
Children under the age of six months require 4 doses. Those between six months to 11 months require three doses. Children between 12 to 23 months require two doses and those above two years require just one dose. Side effects include itchiness around the jab site and fever. Adverse effects include irritability, drowsiness, restless sleep, decreased appetite, vomiting, diarrhea and rash or hives. Prevenar costs from $170.
According to Dr Chan Poh Chong, Senior Consultant, Department of Paediatrics, The Children’s Medical Institute, National University Hospital, “Rotavirus remains a major cause of severe gastroenteritis among infants and young children”.
It has been estimated that acute gastroenteritis is the most common gastrointestinal disorder in Singapore children, accounting for 10 per cent of admissions to general paediatric units and five per cent of admissions to government hospitals. It is administered to babies before six months of age. Between two to three doses are required. The vaccination costs about $100 for each dose.
ChickenpoxThe Varicella virus is used to protect children and grown up individuals against the Chicken Pox. Some of the risks associated with chicken pox is shingles and transmitting the disease itself to unvaccinated individuals. The vaccine can be administered to your baby from 12 months. For children above 13 years, two doses are given. Side effects include soreness and swelling at site of jab, with a mild rash. The vaccination costs from $70.
This serious disease can cause mild flu-like symptoms, jaundice and even diarrhea. The vaccination is available for children aged one year and above. Two doses are administered about six months to a year apart. Side effects include soreness at site of jab, headaches and temporary weakness. The vaccination costs from $50.
As the vaccine is updated every year to match current influenza strains, it is advisable to go for a jab every year. The vaccine can be administered to children above the age of six months. For children aged nine and below, two doses are required, each a month apart. Side effects include redness, swelling and bruising at the jab site. Occasionally, a child may feel unwell and tired, have a headache, fever, shiver, break out in sweat and aches in muscles and joints. The flu shot costs from $20.
Meningococcal disease is a rare, life-threatening illness caused by the Meningococcus bacteria. The Meningococcus bacteria is a common bacteria, and about one in 10 people carry them at the back of the throat or nose without ever causing disease. It is not well understood why only a few people develop invasive illness, but this may be influenced by genetic, immune, societal (smoke exposure) or physical factors making them more susceptible to disease. The vaccine is recommended for travellers to certain areas, particularly sub-Saharan Africa during the dry season.
The mencevax ACWY vaccine can be administered to children aged two and above. A booster shot is required every two to three years. The vaccination costs from $40.
For more information on childhood vaccinations, contact the National Immunisation Registry c/o of the Health Promotion Board (http://www.hpb.gov.sg/)
Article By Maybelle Soriano
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